The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ) requires that all SSOs greater than 1,000 gallons be reported to the Department within 24 hours of discovering the SSO has occurred. Regardless of the size of the SSO, VDEQ also requires that any SSO that reaches a body of water and/or that results in a fish kill be reported. In addition, VDEQ requires that the area of a reportable SSO be marked with signs for at least seven days that the area has experienced an SSO. Finally, VDEQ maintains a Pollution Response Program (PREP) database, which is accessible to the public. This database shows all open SSO cases throughout the state, as well as a five-year period of record for closed SSO cases.